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India: State of Andhra Pradesh

State of Andhra Pradesh
Travel Map of Andra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is the fifth largest state in the peninsular India. It is a historic land of temples and mosques, a combination of Dravidian culture and the Muslim cultural heritage from the western and central Asia. Andhra Pradesh is a mineral rich and industrially developing state.


Statistics

Area 275,068 sq.km
Population 84,665,533 (2011 Census)
Languages Telugu, Urdu and Tamil
Climate Summer - March to June
Winter - Nov. to Feb
Mansoon - June to Dec
Best Time to Visit October through February
Capital City Hyderabad
Airports Hyderabad, Cuddapah, Rajahmundri, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam, Tirupati.
Major Cities Hyderabad, Secunderabad, Cuddapah, Kakinada, Rajahmundri, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam

History

Kakatiaya Gate, Warangal, Andhra Pradesh

The history of Andhra Pradesh dates back to the epic era of Ramayana and Mahabharatha. But the documented history points to 236 BC when Satavahana established a kingdom and a dynasty around the modern Hyderabad. During the reign of 450 years, Buddhism flourished in the kingdom. The Ikshvakus succeeded the Satavahanas and ruled the kingdom for 57 years. The Pallavas annexed the area South of River Krishna and ruled till the end of 6th century.

The rise of Chalukyas in the seventh century changed the destiny of Andhra. Under their 400-year's rule, Andhra flourished to the zenith of its Telugu culture. During the 12th and 13th centuries Andhra was ruled by Kakatiya Empire. During 1509- 1529 Andhra was under the rule of Vijayanagara Empire. Qutub Sahis succeeded Vijayanagara Empire and ruled Andhra for nearly 200 years. Qutub Sahis were great patrons of art and architecture. During their rule, many palaces were built for the rulers. They had also built many lakes, tanks etc for the benefit of the people.

Aurangazeb conquered the Deccan in 1687 and left his governors, the Nizams, to rule Andhra. The British and French took over from the Nizams. Andhra became a part of Indian Union in 1947. The present state was formed in 1953, merging a part of the then Madras State (present Tamil Nadu) and the princely state of Hyderabad.

Travel Guide

Main gate of Golconda Fort

This travel guide provides information on places of tourist interst, historical monuments, great temples and monasteries, accommodation and other relevent parameters related to the travellers. The travel guide also provides the state map, which gives major tourist centres, roads and rail routes to assist the prospective traveller.

Andhra Pradesh in Peninsular India is a state that is culturally alive and visually beautiful. Architecturally rich, there are Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist and Jain places of worship, extravagant palaces, impressive forts, austure tombs, wildlife reserves, beaches and hill stations. Hyderabad, the state capital, is a good tourist base. The temparature during summer varies between 41oC and 20oC. During the winter it is between 32oC and 13oC. The best time to visit is between November and March.