Previously known as Calicut, Kozhikode is a historical town. It was the capital of Zamorins of Kozhikode. In 1498, Vasco de Gama landed in India at Kappad beach near Kozhikode. Kozhikode was a major seaport in the olden days and steamers even today call for cargo at the port. Being a major centre for timber, Kozhikode has thriving boat-building industry. The city of Kozhikode has a domestic and international airport at Karipur, 23km to the south. Roads and rails connect Kozhikode to major centres of the country.
This is the heart of the city. Once it was the courtyard of the Zamorins who ruled Kozhikode. The Tali Temple, Kuttichira Mosque and the Church of South India in the square represent the major religions of India. Manachira Library that boasts the literary heritage of Kozhikode is worth a visit.
The museum is situated at East Hill, 5km north of town. The museum has archaeological displays of bronzes, copies of ancient murals, coins and models of temples and megalithic monuments.
Krishna Menon Museum
The museum is next door to Pazhassiraja museum and has a section devoted to honour the great Indian leader V. K. Krishna Menon. His personal belongings and souvenirs are exhibited here.
The Art Gallery is located next to the museums. It exhibits paintings of Raja Ravi Varma and Raja Raja Varma.
At dolphin's Point, in the early hours of dawn, one can see the dolphins swimming and playing in the sea. It is 2km from the city centre.
Kappad is the beach 16km from Kozhikode where Vasco de Gama set foot in India on the 27th of may 1498. A non-descriptive stone memorial is erected at the beach to commemorate his landing.
Beypore is a small coastal town 11km south of Kozhikode. For centuries it was famous for shipbuilding. It is still famous for its country crafts built by traditional shipbuilders. Beypore is a popular shopping centre for Arabs who look for large boats.
Famous for the Kerala martial art, Kalaripayattu, Vadakara has a historical in the town. 5km from the town is the Lokanarkavu Bhagavathy Temple dedicated to Durga, one of the three famous Bhagavathy Temples in Kerala.
Vellarimala is the unspoilt hilly reaches of Kozhikode not crowded by tourists. The Kanjirapuzha, tributary of Chaliar, takes a winding path through the rocky terrain of Vellarimala forming many attractive waterfalls.
Located 50km from Kozhikode, Thusharagiri is a tribal tourist spot. Two streams originating from the Western Ghats merge here to form the River Chalipuzha. The river diverges into three waterfalls creating a snowy spray. One of the waterfalls plunges to a depth of 75m.
Wayanad is situated at a height of 700-2100m above sea level. It is one of the few districts in Kerala that could retain its pristine nature. The geography and the climate of Wayanad make it ideal for cultivation of tea, coffee, spices and rubber. Kalpetta town is the headquarters of the district. The nearest airport is Kozhikode. The nearest railhead is also Kozhikode. Roads link Kalpetta to other parts of the state.
Wayanad is known for its Jain temples and past Jain influence in the state. The famous Ananthanathaswamy Jain temple is located at Puliyarmada near Kalpetta. The glass temple of Kottamunda dedicated to Parswanathaswamy, the third Thirthankara of the Jain faith is located 20km from Kalpetta, on the slopes of Vellarimala.
Lakkadi is a nature's beauty with hills, streams and lush green forests. At 700m from sea level, Lakkadi registers the second highest rainfall in the world.
Located on the Western Ghats, Mananthavadi is the final resting place of Pazhassiraja, the famed freedom fighter. Thirunelli Temple is 32km from Mananthavadi. It is believed that Lord Brahma himself installed the idol of Lord Vishnu in the Temple. The Nagarhole wildlife sanctuary is only 40km from here. Sultan Bathery
98km from Kozhikode, Sultan Bathery has an 18th century fort built by Tipu Sultan. The ruins of Pazhassiraja fort are located at Panamaram, 29km from Sultan Bathery.
These caves are located at a height of 1000m from sea level on the Ambukuthi Hills, 10km from Sultan Bathery. The caves formed by a natural split in the huge rock present one of the richest pictographic galleries of the world. Archaeologists consider this as one of the earliest human dwellings. The caves contain paintings and graphical writings of the new stone-age civilization. In 1894, F. Fawcet, the then Superintendent of Police accidentally discovered the caves.
Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary
Situated between the Nagarhole and Mudumalai sanctuaries, this 345sq. km wildlife sanctuary is under project elephant. It is the second largest sanctuary in the state. The wildlife includes elephants, tigers, leopards and various species of deer, monkeys and birds.
It is a deep and wide freshwater lake surrounded with lush green meadows and trees. Boating facilities, a children's Park, a freshwater aquarium and a handicrafts and spice emporium are available for the tourists.