? Indian Wildlife: Manas National Park

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India: Manas National Park


Indian Rhino, Manas

Manas, known for its Project Tigers, Rhinos & Elephants, is situated at the foothills of the Himalayas in India. It was declared a sanctuary on October 01, 1928, a World Heritage site in December 1985 and elevated to a National Park on September 7, 1990. Located in the north-eastern state of Assam, it is the one of the two tiger reserves in Assam. A part of the Sanctuary extends to the Himalayan kingdom of Bhutan and River Manas demarcate the international border.

Tiger, Manas National Park

Tropical semi-evergreen forests, moist and dry deciduous forests and extensive alluvial grasslands in the western part of the park, together with a variety of tree and shrub species comprise the vegetation of the park. The grasslands can be subdivided into wet alluvial and highland savanna types. Some 393 species of dicotyledons, including 197 trees, and 98 species of monocotyledons have been identified. Grasslands cover about 50% of the park. The thick vegetation of the forest often prevents the sun rays from reaching the ground. The scenic beauty and rare wealth of wild life combine with this unique world heritage site and offer one of the most enthralling experiences to those who visit the park.

The sanctuary has recorded 55 species of mammals, 380 species of birds, 50 species of reptiles, and 3 species of amphibians. Out of these wildlife, 21 mammals are India's Schedule I mammals and 31 of them are threatened.

The sanctuary is home to a great variety of wildlife, including tiger, Wild Buffalo, Barasingha, Leopards, Clouded Leopards, Capped Langur, Indian one-horned Rhinoceros, Elephant, Gaur, Hog Deer, Wild Boar, Sambhar, Swamp Deer etc. The park is well known for its rare and endangered wildlife which is not found anywhere else in the world like the Assam Roofed Turtle, Hispid Hare, Golden Langur and Pygmy Hog.

During winter migratory birds like the River chats, Fork tails, Cormorants and Ducks like the Ruddy Shell-Duck Etc.; flock Manas. Manas have the largest population of endangered Bengal Florican. Other woodland birds like the Indian Hornbill and Pied Hornbill also found.Butterflies and reptiles are also seen in abundance.

The climate is warm and humid (up to 76% relative humidity) with most rain falling during the monsoon season (May-September). The mean maximum summer temperature is 37°C and the mean minimum winter temperature is 11°C. Mean annual rainfall ranges from 3332mm to 4489mm. The best season to visit Manas Park is from October to April. Rest of the year it is off season for the national park. Avoid the monsoon as many parts of the park is flooded and animals are not easy to spot.

The nearest airport is Guwahati, connected by Indian to Delhi; Mumbai is connected through a Jet Airways flight. The nearest railhead is Barpeta Road (32 km N). Delhi is connected through daily trains. Mumbai, Chennai and Bengaluru are also well connected by trains. The park is well connected with other parts of Assam through a network of well built roads. State transport buses ply regularly connecting various cities in and around the park. To reach the park from Guwahati, take the NH31 to Shimlaguri via Rangia, Nalbari and Howli. From there take the link road to Barpeta road.

For further information contact:

  • Field Director
    Manas Tiger Reserve,
    Barpeta Road - 781315,
    Assam,
    I N D I A