The Mudumalai National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary also a declared Tiger Reserve, which lies on the northwestern side of the Nilgiri Hills is a continuation of the Bandipur National Park. The river Moyar that flows along the border or Tamil Nadu and Karnataka separates the two. The Mysore - Ooty highway runs through the park. The 321 sq. km. reserve is situated in Tamil Nadu.
Mudumalali reserve was the first sanctuary in south India. The terrain is extremely varied with hills, valleys, ravines, watercourses and swamps. The vegetation comprises of tropical moist deciduous forests, tropical dry deciduous forests and southern tropical dry scrub forests . Compared to the nearby reserves, the climate is warmer in Mudumalai.
There are 60-80 tigers in the Nilgiri Reserve across which tigers are free to roam. In April 2007, the Tamil Nadu state government declared Mudumalai to be a tiger reserve. The protected area is home to several endangered and vulnerable species including Langur, bonnet macaque, tiger, leopard, wild dog, hyena, jackal, sloth bear, elephants, gaur, sambar, spotted deer, Indian muntjac, mouse deer, wild boar, rodent and flying squirrel are part of the wildlife in Mudumalai. It has a rich bird life that includes Malabar trogan, Grey hornbill, crested hawk eagle, crested serpent eagle, etc.
The sanctuary can be reached by road.Safarare a major attraction at Mudumalai National Park. Van safari and jeep safaris are organized by private jeep operators. Elephant ride is organized by the mudumalai forest department. The tickets are issued only at the ooty Forest department office.The nearest railway station is Udakamandalam
The best time to visit the reserve is from February to June. The nearest airport is Coimbatore. Accommodation can be arranged at forest rest house, guesthouses at Masinagudi, Kargudi, Abhayaranyam and Theppakkadu.
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