Bathinda is one of the oldest towns in India and its history goes back to Harappan civilization. Known for its historic monuments, rich religious and cultural heritage, it is one of the biggest cotton producing regions of India. Bathinda is also known as the city of lakes and it has the largest cantonment in India. Bathinda is also one of the major railway junctions in Northern India.
Bathinda Fort (Quila Mubarak)
Bathinda has an 1800 years old fort built with small bricks known as Quila Mubarak. This Schooner shaped fort stands like a ship in a sea of sand. The fort is designed to suit the desert environment. In 1754 AD it was captured by Maharaj Ala Singh of Patiala. A small gurudwara commemorates the visit of Sri Guru Gobind Singh here.
Situated approximately 30 kms South of Bathinda at Talwandi Sabo,this famous Gurudwara is one of the five Takhts. The 10th Guru, Guru Gobind Singh had re-compiled the Guru Granth Sahib here. A socio-religious fair is held here on Baisaki day, every year.
The Bhagwati Mandir is located at Maisar Khana. The temple is known for fulfilling wishes of devotees. Twice a year a religious fair is held here and a large number of devotees attend the fairs.
Mausoleum of Peer Baba Haji Rattan
The Mausoleum is situated between the Civil Hospital and the grain Market. Baba Haji Rattan had visited Mecca as an ambassador of Raja Bhoj. On returning to India he had settled at Bhatinda. The mausoleum marks the site where the Peer used to meditate. The 1st and the 10th Prophets of Sikhism, Guru Nanak and Guru Gobind Singh were said to have visited the mausoleum. It attracts devotees from all faiths.
Hoshiarpur is an ancient city of temples. Archaeological evidence takes its antiquity back to the Stone Age. The district, owing to its proximity to the hills, possesses a comparatively cool and humid climate. Cotton fabrics are manufactured, and sugar, rice and other grains, tobacco and indigo are among the exports. It is a centre of Indo-Sanskrit studies and Brighushamita Astrology. Hoshiarpur is famous for manufacturing, especially, of lacquer finish furniture with inlay works and musical instruments. It has an archaeological museum. Shish Mahal in the centre of the city commemorates the coronation of King George V. Hoshiarpur is connected to the rest of the state via rails and roads. The nearest airport is Amritsar.
Jalandhar is located on the plains between the Beas and Sutlej rivers. The city is a market for agricultural products and produces textiles, leather goods, wood products and sporting goods. After independence, Jalandhar was the capital of Punjab until 1953. Jalandhar is situated at a distance of 146 km from Chandigarh, 350 km from Delhi and 90km from Amritsar. It is well connected by national and state highways. Jalandhar is a major rail junction. Nearest Airport is Amritsar at a distance of 90 km.
Devi Talab Mandir
It is situated in the heart of Jalandhar City. The old Devi Talab has been renovated and a new temple has been built. Recently a model of Amarnath Yatra has been built in the premises. An old temple of goddess Kali also stands by the side of the Devi Talab.
The temple of Vrinda, wife of Jalandhara, is in the Kot Kishan Chand locality. It is also known as Tulsi Mandir. Nearby is the temple of Gupha, with the image of Annapurna, the goddess of abundance. The Brahm Kund and a few temples dedicated to Shiva are nearby. Near the Balmiki gate is the Sheetla Mandir, said to be as old as the City of Jalandhar. Within its premises are two small old temples of Hanuman and Shiva.
Situated at Gur Mandi, Shiv Mandir is reputed to have been built by a Nawab of Sultanpur Lodhi near Masjid Imam Nasar.
Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi
Gurdwara Chhevin Padshahi in Basti Shaikh, Jalandhar city, stands on the location where Guru Hargobind Singh granted interview to a Muslim holy saint popularly known as Shaikh Darvesh. The saint blind folded him so that he could swear to the Mughals that he had not seen the Guru. The Guru had an in depth discussion with the Shaikh which produced a great impact on the holy man.
Shaheed-E-Azam Sardar Bhagat Singh Museum
A commemorative museum at Khatkal Kalan, the native village of Martyr Sardar Bhagat Singh, was inaugurated on his 50th death anniversary. To pay homage to the martyrs of Punjab, who laid down their lives for the liberation of their motherland, their memorable belongings are displayed here. A big bronze statue of Bhagat Singh is installed in front of the museum.
The Gurudwara at Kartarpur
The Gurudwara at Kartarpur (16 km from Jalandhar town) was built by the Fifth Sikh Guru, Guru Arjun Dev in 1656 A.D. Every year, a fair is held on the birth anniversary of the Guru when a large number of devotees gather to pay homage. Kartarpur is also known as the birth place of Swami Virjanand who was the teacher of Swami Dayanand Saraswati, founder of the Arya Samaj. A memorial has been constructed here in his memory.